If you find that your chihuahua ate chocolate, the first step is to get them away from any remaining chocolate and check if they are exhibiting any clinical signs of poisoning. Chocolate is dangerous to dogs because it contains toxic ingredients such as theobromine and caffeine. Theobromine and caffeine are common ingredients that can be found in many types of chocolate products. All types of chocolate contain theobromine and caffeine, but baker’s and dark chocolate have the highest concentrations of theobromine and caffeine.
A small amount of chocolate might not hurt your dog, but it is best to avoid it altogether. If your dog eats large amounts of chocolate, there could be fatal consequences. Chihuahuas are more susceptible to chocolate poisoning because of their small size. When it comes to small dogs and chocolate, any quantity consumed is not to be taken lightly.
Clinical Signs of Chocolate Poisoning
In order to prevent chocolate poisoning, it is imperative to keep chocolate away from your dog. Notify all family members about the dangers of chocolate in relation to your dog’s health. A dog’s prior health history can impact how they react to chocolate poisoning. Common symptoms of chocolate poisoning include:
- Tremors in the muscles and limbs
- Irregular heartbeats
- Increased heart rate
Treatment for Chocolate Poisoning
If your chihuahua has eaten chocolate, the first thing to do is remove any remaining chocolate from them. Call Pet Poison Helpline® at (855) 764-7661 and your veterinarian so experts can help you determine if it is a life-threatening dose. Take your pup to the nearest veterinary clinic so a vet can look over your dog and determine treatment. Your vet may administer different medications to address the clinical signs.
Inducing vomiting and giving activated charcoal will reduce theobromine absorption. IV fluids will help with excretion. Specific heart medications may be given to reduce the heart rate and blood pressure. Anti-convulsants will help if your dog is experiencing seizures. Antacids will calm stomach discomfort and diarrhea. A urinary catheter or frequent walks are needed to keep the bladder empty, because theobromine can be reabsorbed across the bladder wall. Your dog should be able to recover from chocolate poisoning if they receive prompt medical care. Once your dog is stabilized, ask your vet about the recovery process. Pet Poison Helpline® is also available if you have any further questions or concerns.