Carbamates

Poisonous to+

cats, dogs

Level of toxicity+

Generally moderate to severe

Common signs to watch for+

Nausea
Drooling
Tearing/lacrimation
Vomiting
Diarrhea
Bloody vomit
Lethargy
Abdominal pain
Pancreatitis
Coma
Hypothermia
Hyperthermia
Difficulty breathing
Tremors
Seizures
Death

Description+

Carbamates and organophosphates (OP) are insecticides that can result in severe poisoning to dogs and cats. Thankfully, the frequency of this type of poisoning is steadily decreasing (thanks to regulation by the EPA); however, Pet Poison Helpline still receives hundreds of calls a year about these insecticides. These insecticides are often mixed into other fertilizers or herbicides, and are commonly used by rose and flower gardeners. When these products are accidentally ingested by pets (or used maliciously to poison pets), severe clinical signs may be seen, including SLUDGE signs (which is the acronym for salivation, lacrimation, urination, and defecation). Other severe signs include hypothermia, hyperthermia, difficulty breathing, tremors, seizures, and death.

If you suspect your dog or cat has carbamate poisoning or organophosphate poisoning, contact your veterinarian and Pet Poison Helpline for immediate, life-saving treatment recommendations!

Alternate names+

disulfuton, OP, chlorpyrifos, flea collar, parathion, fensulfothion, terbufos, TEPP, dichlorvos, malathion, aldicarb, carbofuran, methomyl, carbofuran, propuxur, pralidoxime, insecticides

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Carbamates

Pictured: Carbamates