Dog First Aid for Cane Toad Poisoning 

As a pet owner, it can be terrifying to witness your beloved furry friend suffer an injury or illness, especially if you don’t have a clue what the cause is. Many are aware of the dangers inside our homes, but have you thought about what could be in your own backyard? Cane toads are seemingly harmless creatures that could be lurking around your dog’s environment. If your dog happens to encounter a cane toad, it can quickly turn deadly.  

Threat of Cane Toads 

Your dog playing with a toad can seem like a funny moment, but it can be very dangerous. Cane toads live in the warmer regions of the United States such as Texas, Hawaii, Florida, and more. They can be found in ponds, gardens, lawns, and woods. As adults, they can reach up to 6 to 9 inches in length. If a cane toad feels threatened, they will release toxins through their glands. If your dog attempts to bite, lick, or mouth the toad they will quickly be poisoned.  

Cane Toad Toxicity 

If your dog interacts with a cane toad and ingests the toad’s toxins, they can experience poisoning. When it was ingested and how much will determine the severity of the toxicity. Possible signs of poisoning include: 

  • Excessive drooling  
  • Diarrhea  
  • Vomiting  
  • Elevated body temperature  
  • Seizures  
  • Shortness of breath or trouble breathing  
  • Tremors  


If you suspect that your dog has been poisoned by a toad, time is of the essence. Contact your veterinarian and Pet Poison Helpline at (855) 764-7661 right away for first aid advice. A dog can experience damaging clinical signs within just 15 minutes after ingestion. Rinse your dog’s mouth for 15 minutes with fresh, cold water to flush out the toxins. After doing so, take them straight to an animal hospital.  

Treatment may start with anti-seizure medications and IV fluids. More specific treatment measures will depend on the symptoms your dog is exhibiting. To prevent poisoning, you must keep an eye on your dog when outside and keep them on a leash when exploring unfamiliar environments.