Gum can be an exciting and new thing, especially for a dog. With all the different smells, textures, and flavors, who wouldn’t be interested? Your dog explores their world through their mouth and nose, so they may feel tempted to eat the gum. As a dog owner though, knowing what is harmful to your dog is important for keeping them safe. Unfortunately, gum can be hazardous to your pup.  


Why is Chewing Gum Dangerous to Your Dog? 

A low-calorie artificial sweetener, xylitol, is present in many types of chewing gum, yet it is very harmful to dogs. A wide variety of confections, candies, baked products, and other consumables include xylitol. Xylitol is rapidly absorbed after it is ingested. Xylitol causes a release of insulin that then causes blood sugar levels to drop in dogs. If a large amount is ingested, it might lead to liver failure as well. The low blood sugar can cause seizures to occur, and ingestion could lead to death.  


Symptoms of Xylitol Poisoning 

Within 30-60 minutes of eating sugar-free gum that contains xylitol, your dog may experience xylitol poisoning symptoms. 

Some symptoms include: 


      Difficulty walking 

      Body tremors 

      Liver damage  



These symptoms can become worse if your dog does not receive medical care. Call your vet and Pet Poison Helpline® at (855) 764-7661 if you have any questions or concerns.  


How To Keep Your Dog Away from Gum  

As the owner, you are responsible for making sure your dog does not eat something that can be harmful to them. In the house, secure xylitol containing products in an area that your dog cannot access. Outside the home, watch what your dog puts into their mouth. Inform family and friends about what not to give your dog as a reward or treat. If you ever have any questions or concerns, reach out to your vet and Pet Poison Helpline® right away.