In recent years, xylitol has become increasingly popular as a sugar alternative. Xylitol is just as sweet as sugar but contains fewer calories. Researchers have also found that xylitol reduces plaque formation, inhibits dental cavities, and stimulates saliva production regarding oral health. You can see why it is a popular choice when picking out sugar-free gum or baked goods! While xylitol may be safe for humans, it is incredibly dangerous to dogs. 

Where is Xylitol Found?

Xylitol is produced as a white powder that resembles sugar in appearance and flavor. The number and variety of xylitol products have grown significantly in recent years. Xylitol can be found in cough syrup, sugar-free chewable vitamins, mouthwash, toothpaste, sugarless gum, sweets, and breath mints, etc. Not only is xylitol scary and dangerous for dogs, but another worry is how many products xylitol can be found in. This increases the risk for dogs ingesting this toxic chemical.

Symptoms of Xylitol Poisoning in Dogs

Hypoglycemia, low blood sugar, is caused by low dosages of xylitol, while high doses can cause seizures and liver failure. Amounts of xylitol vary from product to product. Knowing the amount of xylitol is in a product that your dog ingested is crucial when determining the severity of their poisoning. Symptoms can also include:

  • Vomiting
  • Inability to walk/stand or lack of coordination
  • Lethargy or weakness
  • Insomnia
  • Epilepsy
  • Asphyxiation

How To Treat Xylitol Poisoning in Dogs?

Call your vet and Pet Poison Helpline® (855) 764-7661 if you believe your dog has ingested xylitol. The team of experts can help you determine if the dosage was deadly or not and what the next steps need to be. It is best to bring your dog to a vet clinic immediately so your dog can be fully looked over and treated properly. Always watch over and know what your dog is eating to prevent any deadly situations from occurring.