Poisonous to: Cats, Dogs, Horses
Level of toxicity: In dogs and cats: mild. In other species (e.g., birds, ruminants, etc.), moderate to severe.
Common signs to watch for:
- In dogs and cats:
- Lack of stool production (if obstructed)
- In birds:
- Inability to perch
- Fluffed feathers
- Difficulty breathing
- Organ failure
- Sudden death
- In horses and ruminants:
- Swelling of the mouth, head, neck, chest
- Mastitis (inflammation of the mammary glands)
- Heart damage
Avocado contains a toxin called persin, but only certain species of animals are poisoned by persin. While dogs and cats are rarely affected by persin, avocado poisoning can be deadly to birds and large animals (such as cows, goats, sheep). The bigger risk to dogs and cats is a foreign body obstruction in the esophagus, stomach, or intestinal tract if part or all of a large avocado seed is swallowed. Pancreatitis (inflammation of the pancreas) is also possible due to the high fat content in avocados.
Pet birds, including canaries, parakeets, cockatiels, and large parrots, should never be fed avocado as they are extremely susceptible to persin. Signs of poisoning in birds include inability to perch, difficulty breathing, fluid accumulation around the bird’s heart and lungs, liver and kidney failure, and sudden death.
Ruminants and horses can also develop toxicity if they ingest enough avocados or avocado plant leaves. Ingestion can result in mastitis (inflammation of the mammary glands), swelling of the mouth, head, neck, or chest, and damage to the heart with potential for death.
Poison type: foods
Scientific name: Persea americana
Alternate names: Alligator pear, Haas avocado