Opioids & Opiates

Opioids & Opiates

medications

Alternate names

Suboxone, torbugesic, fentanyl, buprenorphine, Buprenex, Subutex, alfentanil, Alfenta, codeine, etorphine, M99, Duragesic, Actiq, Sublimaze, heroin, hydrocodone, Lorcet, Lortab, opioid, opioids, Vicodin, Vicoprofen, Lortab, hydromorphone, Dilaudid, loperamide, Imodium, Dimor, Lopex, meperidine, Demerol, methadone, Dolophine, Methadose, morphine, Nubain, nalbuphine, Narcan, naloxone, naltrexone, oxycodone, OxyContin, Percocet, Percodan, Numorphan, oxymorphone, Opana, Talwin, pentazocine, remifentanil, Ultiva, sufentanil, Sufenta, tapentadol, Nycynta, tramadol, Ultram, opiod

Toxicity to pets

Opioids and opiates are drugs designed to provide pain relief for both animals and humans. Illegal forms include heroin. When accidentally ingested by pets in either the oral or patch form, it can result in severe poisoning as opioids are rapidly absorbed by all routes of administration. Signs of opioid poisoning include pinpoint pupils (in dogs), dilated pupils (in cats), sedation, walking drunk, decreased respiratory rate, respiratory depression (which can lead to respiratory arrest or death), coma, etc. Treatment includes rapid decontamination (if appropriate, and provided the patient is not showing symptoms already), blood pressure and heart monitoring, and the reversal agent, naloxone. Without treatment, animals can die from severe sedation and respiratory arrest.

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Disclaimer

The content of this page is not veterinary advice. A number of factors (amount of substance ingested, size of the animal, allergies, etc.) determine what is toxic to a particular pet. If you think your pet has eaten something potentially toxic, call Pet Poison Helpline or seek immediate veterinary treatment.