What should you do if your dog ate a prenatal vitamin? Your dog’s health can be affected if they eat prenatal vitamins. Vitamins are a necessary part of every human and animal diet, but unlike other food classes, vitamins are less abundant in most foods we eat. There is often a need to complement them with dietary supplements. Prenatal vitamins are usually consumed by women that are currently pregnant as they need extra nutrients for a developing fetus. As a result, prenatal vitamins and supplements are packed with more vitamins, iron, folic acid, calcium, and other trace micronutrients than regular multivitamins. So, how does this affect your dog? 

How Are Prenatal Vitamins Poisonous to Dogs? 

Just like humans, dogs have specific vitamin requirements. However, they are different compared to humans. The most toxic ingredients of prenatal vitamins are the high concentrations of iron, calcium, and vitamin D. Prenatal vitamins can contain xylitol, a sugar substitute that is poisonous to dogs. High levels of iron can result in cardiac arrest and liver failure in dogs. Iron can be found in everyday items, such as garden fertilizers, hand warmers, and oxygen absorbers. Excess vitamin D can result in calcium formations, which can cause kidney failure. 

Clinical Signs of Prenatal Vitamin Overdose 

The symptoms of poisoning from prenatal vitamins vary because, more often than not, they are a combination of symptoms from the various ingredients. They may include: 

  • Vomiting 
  • Diarrhea 
  • Lethargy 
  • Abdominal pain 
  • Elevated heart rate 
  • Agitation 
  • Low blood sugar 
  • Seizures 
  • Tremors 
  • Increased drinking and urination 

Dogs can also experience different symptoms if they consume other medications that are not meant for them. There are prenatal vitamins for pregnant dogs, but a veterinarian will advise you on the type of medication needed. If you have any other questions regarding canine pregnancies, be sure to consult your vet. 

Treatment Of Vitamin Poisoning 

Your dog may need to be kept overnight for observation or depending on the severity of the symptoms. Decontamination may be necessary by inducing vomiting and giving activated charcoal.   IV fluids may be provided to address dehydration. Medications can be administered to address blood pressure abnormalities and potential organ failure. Contact your veterinarian and Pet Poison Helpline® at (855) 764-7661 if your dog is experiencing prenatal vitamin poisoning symptoms.